Nizhny Novgorod, 400 kilometers east of Moscow, is the third largest (after the capital and Saint-Petersburg) city in Russia with a million and a half inhabitants. Nizhny Novgorod is the wonderfully original ancient center of the Volga region. It was founded at the beginning of the 13th century at the confluence of two big rivers - the Volga and the Oka. A sign of this ancient city of Russia is the Kremlin on the high Volga bank, where an eternal flame burns in memory of the fallen soldiers of the Second World War. The city of Nizhny Novgorod has preserved many unique historical, architectural and cultural monuments. Because of these monuments, UNESCO has included Nizhny Novgorod on the list of the 100 cities in the world that represent world historical and cultural value.